Fats are essential nutrients and provide energy.1 gram of fat produces 9 calories of energy making it the most concentrated source of energy in our body.
They are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and can be found in liquid or solid form depending on structure and composition.
Fats can generally be classified into two categories namely Saturated Fat and unsaturated fats, depending on the carbon to hydrogen ratio.
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen, hence increasing cholesterol with high levels of triglycerides that are linked with heart and other diseases.
Unsaturated fat can be further classified into Monounsaturated Fat and Polyunsaturated Fat. These fats are considered good for your health. They vary in function and structure forming trans and cis fats.